Varicose veins in the lower extremities are caused by enlarged subcutaneous veins. Apart from the unattractive appearance, varicose veins can also be a source of health problems, most commonly described as “heavy” legs, owing to the stinging pain in the enlarged vein. Varicose veins can lead to brown skin discolouration on the lower leg, as well as itchy and smarting swelling, especially of the ankles. Some patients suffer from repeated superficial thrombophlebitis (vein inflammation). Over the years, the condition can lead to a brownish discolouration of the skin, and painful skin ulcers on the lower leg. These complications occur if vein connective tissue is weak or damaged. The venous valves in superficial and deep veins of healthy individuals ensure the flow of venous blood toward the heart. In the case of varicose veins, the valves in the enlarged vein can no longer perform this task. Consequently, the blood flowing through deep veins can only reach the groin, where it backs up and then returns to the lower leg. This reverse flow causes the blood to pool in the lower leg, where swelling and a feeling of tension emerge.
Varicose veins can be treated in several ways, depending on the type. At the Surgical centre Rožna dolina, one of the possible treatments provided is surgery. Varicose veins, or the part of the superficial vein system that no longer functions and causes health problems, are removed.
Depending on the size of the veins and the severity of the condition, different types of surgical intervention are suitable. Practitioners of the Surgical centre also perform non-surgical interventions using modern technology, for example sealing a vein with a laser or a radio-frequency catheter.